Through mosquito bites
Zika virus is transmitted to folks primarily through the bite of associate infected genus Aedes species mosquito. These ar a similar mosquitoes that spread dengue and chikungunya viruses.
- These mosquitoes generally lay eggs in and close to standing water in things like buckets, bowls, animal dishes, flower pots and vases. they like to bite people, and live indoors and outdoors close to people.
- Mosquitoes that spread chikungunya, dengue, and Zika are aggressive daytime biters. they can additionally bite at night.
- Mosquitoes become infected after they go after a person already infected with the virus. Infected mosquitoes will then spread the virus to other people through bites.
Rarely, from mother to kid
- A mother already infected with Zika virus close to the time of delivery can expire the virus to her newborn around time of birth, however this can be rare.
- it’s possible that Zika virus may be passed from mother to fetus throughout pregnancy. This mode of transmission is being investigated.
- To date, there are no reports of infants getting Zika virus through breastfeeding. because of the advantages of breastfeeding, mothers are inspired to breastfeed even in areas wherever Zika virus is found.
Through infected blood or sexual contact
- Spread of the virus through blood transfusion and sexual contact are reportable.